Diversity: Differences in race, gender, ability, age, language, family composition, culture, ethnicity, socio-economic status, sexual orientation,and/or religion. Weaving anti-bias awareness throughout all program activities and practices.
Note: There exists broad agreement that knowledge and skills related to diversity, equity, and inclusion must be integrated in each and every category. This body of work includes “Diversity” as its own category to support intentionality and promote greater equity throughout the field.
Families & Community Systems: The complex characteristics of families and communities. Establishing respectful relationships and communication with family and community members.
Health, Safety & Nutrition: Basic health, safety, and nutrition principles and practices; child abuse and neglect prevention, identification, reporting procedures, mental health, and therapeutic care. Promoting children’s healthy choices and safety awareness, and creating and maintaining a safe environment.
Human Growth & Development: Social, emotional, cognitive, and physical growth and development. Using developmentally appropriate practices and principles in programs for children to support development and learning.
Learning Environment & Curriculum: The relationship between physical space, activities, experiences, and materials with child behavior, growth, and development. Creating and implementing developmentally and culturally appropriate learning environments and curricula to foster optimal growth and development of children.
Observation & Assessment: Culturally and linguistically responsive observation techniques, assessment tools, and documentation procedures. Using observation, screening, and assessment to individualize children’s learning experiences, improve the effectiveness of the learning environment, and support referrals for specialized services.
Personal, Professional & Leadership Development: Early learning as a profession with an identified body of knowledge, professional standards, professional ethics, and established systems. Participating in leadership, advocacy, personal, growth, and professional development activities.
Program Management: Accepted business practices, legal and regulatory requirements, financial obligations, and record keeping. Developing or implementing program policies, communication strategies, management plans, and sound financial practices.
Special Needs: Disabilities and other special needs, related resources, regulations/laws, and inclusive practices. Implementing an inclusive and sensitive practice with children in partnership with families.
Understanding & Guiding Behavior: Developmentally and culturally appropriate guidance theories, principles, and practices. Providing positive guidance to foster self-esteem, self-regulation, constructive behavior, positive relationships, and optimal learning among children.